Khewra city famous for having world’s second largest salt mine is located in District Jhelum of province Punjab, Pakistan. The city is situated about 200 kilometres (124 miles) from Islamabad and 245 kilometres (152 miles) from the city of Lahore. The mine is located 945 feet (288 meters) above sea level.  The mountains containing Khewra Salt Mine is part of mineral-rich mountain range called Salt Range. Total length of Salt Range is 300 kilometres (186 miles), extending from Beganwala near River Jhelum to Kalabagh near River Sindh. Width of Salt Range varies between 8 kilometres to 30 kilometres.


  1. Overview
  2. History of Khewra Salt Mine
  3. Rock Salt Properties Khewra Salt Mine
  4. Photos
  5. Map


Khewra Salt Mine is a very popular tourist attraction with nearly 250,000 visitors each year. There are several artistic carvings of salt stones placed in different areas of mine for amusement of tourists. There is an electric train available to take visitors inside the mine. It is told that engine of this train belongs to 1930. Male and female guides are available to guide tourists about the mine.

There are several small ponds of thick salty water in different areas of mine. When light is projected on the liquid in these pools it is refracts and produces different colors that look very beautiful. Most popular carvings of salt stone among tourists are a replica of Minar-e-Pakistan made with colorful salt bricks, a model of the Great Wall of China, a statue of national poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a beautiful mosque made up of colorful bricks of salt stone, a model of Sheesh Mahal made up of pink salt bricks, and a model of Mall Road of Murree.

There is cafeteria for visitors that meet immediate refreshment needs. There are also two souvenir shops offering decoration pieces and lamps made up of salt stones of Khewra mines. Inside the mine is a tunnel named crystal valley by tourists. It is a tunnel with shining salt crystal in the roof and walls illuminated by colourful lights. There are some rooms inside the Khewra mine that were mined during the Mughal times.

History of Khewra Salt Mine:



326 BC Salt was discovered by the licking of out crop salt by the horses of Alexander The Great’s army who was here to fight a battle against Raja Porus.
1500 AD ASP Khan local leader of Khewra informed Akbar The Great about existence of salt deposit in Khewra. Mining was initiated by the orders of King Akbar.
1809 Sikhs taken over the salt mines from Mughals.
1849 British ruler taken over the salt mines.
1853 Aspiring of drinkable water discovered and conveyed to Khewra through a wooden tunnel.
1856 Motorable road was laid down between Khewra and P.D. Khan.
1872 Dr. Warth first Chief Mining Engineer surveyed whole mines and introduced scientific mining system.He laid out main tunnel at ground level.
1886-87 Railway Bridge (Victoria) was constructed over the river Jhelum between the Railway Junction Malikwal and Khewra.
1889-90 Salt production crossed 50,000 Metric Tonnes.
1902 Hospital established to provide medical facilities to miners and workers of the salt mines.
1914 The production was reached 50,000 Metric Tonnes.
1918 Two steam engines were used in the mines for carriage of rock salt.
1924-25 Power House with Two Diesel Electric Generating sets, 500 HP were installed.
1932 Chain cutter machines were imported.
1933 Automatic loading plant was installed.
1971 The mines were switched over to WPIDC.
1974 PDMC (Pakistan Mining Development Corporation) taken over the mines from PIDC.
1998 Minning tub system switched over to tractor trolley system.
2002 Khewra Salt Mines Tourist Resort established.
2003 Inauguration of Khewra Tourist Resort.
2005 Khewra Asthma Clinic was established.
2010 Renovation of Khewra Tourist Resort.

Rock Salt Properties Khewra Salt Mine:


Chemical Name Sodium Chloride NaCl
Mineralogical Name Halite
Hardness 2.5
Specific Gravity 2.16
Sulphate Usually includes traces of Magnesium Chloride (MgCl2), Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4), Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4), Potassium Chloride (KCl) and Magnesium Bromide (MgBr2)
Common Use Seasoning agent, preservation of food and edible purpose.
Salt Derived from the Latin word “Salarium” which means Salary, it served as amon in ancient Ethiopia and Tibet.
Industrial Uses
  1. Chlorine and its principle compounds
  2. Sodium and its compounds
Chlorine Compounds Hydrochloric Acid, Chloroform, Carbon Tetra Chloride, Bleaching Powder.
Sodium Compounds Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Sulphate, Baking Soda i.e Sodium Bicarbonate.
Uses Preservations for meats, Refrigeration process in Dyeing, Manufacturing of soap and glass, Salt Crystal are also used in study of infrared radiations.



© 2012 Pakistan Tours Guide